2.5 km ENE of Greencastle
(N of a by-road below a picnic table by a stream) and 800 metres
SSW of Dún Ruadh multiple-kist cairn and circle, this
is one of the very few Ogam stones in the north of Ireland,
and almost certainly a standing-stone before Ogam was cut into
it. The stone, 1.2 metres high, has been re-erected. The much-worn
inscription has been interpreted as DOTETTO MAQI MAGLANI - of
which only seven letters can now be read.
120 metres to the W is another, handsome (but ogamless) standing-stone
about 2.2 metres high.
~ 2 km
SE in Formil (H 628 830) is a leaning standing-stone
some 1.6 metres high, on a NE slope with views NNW to Dún
Ruadh (see below). At H 631 825 in the same townland is
another one, rather chunky, 1.4 metres high and 1.3 wide and
1 metre thick.
Marked as "Chambered
Grave" on the map, this picturesque dolmen resembles the much
larger one at Carrickglass, Sligo, both for the herbage growing
on the massive capstone, and for the relative smallness of the
supporting stones - which are not as tall as the one-metre-thick
capstone. It is known as The Cloghogle (Irish: cloch togálach
~ 1.2 km NE, to the
E of a by-road in Loughmacrory (H 585 776) is a fine
wedge-tomb known as Dermot and Grania's Bed, offering
fine views. Four of its five roofstones are in place, much of
the cairn survives, and the entrance to the antechamber or portico
has a dividing-stone similar to that at Dunnamore. A
tree now grows picturesquely out of the gallery.
~ 800 metres E by N
of the portal-tomb, also in Loughmacrory, immediately
SW of a by-road (H 585 770), is a court-tomb, stretching some
25 metres back from the road. Much of the cairn and kerb - and
presumably the gallery - survive. At the SW end are the apparent
remains of 2 subsidiary chambers.
~ 850 metres N by
E of Altdrumman portal-tomb, 140 metres E of Lough Fingrean
(marked "Cairn" at H 568 777), is another intact court-tomb
(with roofstones); and 130 metres S of this a kist whose large
capstone only is visible on top of a low mound.
~ 2.2 km E by N of
the Altdrumman tomb is the stone circle complex at Copney.
~ 5.5 km SE, standing
in the car park of the church at the north end of Carrickmore
(alias Termon Rock) village (H 616 728) is a kist, whose
angled capstone rests on three upright stones forming an open-fronted
box. It seems to have been moved from the townland of Aghagogan
~ 7.2 km SE of the
portal-tomb is another portal-tomb at Athenree (H 629
714, also marked "Chambered Grave"), 300 metres behind (E of)
Termon House, approached by a private track from the stableyard.
Before one of the portal-stones crumbled away under the weight
of the enormous capstone (4.8 x 3.6 metres and 1 metre thick),
it must have been quite magnificent.
Balix Lower: Single-court tomb
H 482 964
300 metres up a hill
from a two-storey farmhouse to the W of a by-road, is a tomb
(known as "The White Rocks") with a V-shaped forecourt
leading into a (probable) two-chambered gallery which ends in
a high-pointed backstone. The N arm of the forecourt leads to
an entrance-sill, and the S arm leads to the middle of the S
~ 1.7 km SSE are Clogherny
wedge-tomb and stone circle (H 488 945).
~ Just under 8 km WNW in Knocknahorna is a fairly complete circle of some
50 small stones encompassing an area about 50 metres in diameter,
with traces of a stone-lined entrance and two portal-stones
1.2 metres high on the SE side. In the centre is a peaty mound.
To the N of a narrow
by-road leading E off the Newtownstewart-Drumquin road is a
long cairn (scattered as is much of Ireland with agricultural
refuse and now (2003) outrageously and almost impenetrably overgrown)
at whose W end is a picturesque and unusual double portal-tomb
(The Cloghogle) roofed with two lintels and two roofstones
- both of which have several cup-marks (or natural solution-pits).
The excavator thought that a subsidiary tomb had been built
against a primary one. At the E end of the cairn is another
portal-tomb, roofless, with a high sill-stone and tall portal-stones.
Near the W end of the cairn is a small rectangular block of
stone with criss-cross grooves on its upper horizontal surface.
6.4 km NE is another portal-tomb at Crosh (H 417 879),
whose capstone has fallen from the portal-stones which are over
3 metres high, and between which is a door-slab 1.2 metres high.
Just 500 metres W of Crosh (in Glenknock, H 412 879)
is a completely collapsed portal-tomb.
~ Just under 2 km N
by NE of Crosh in an undetermined townland (H 419 897, marked
on the map) is a large and chunky standing stone with a flat
top and several knobs and fissures.
~ 4.6 km E of Ballyrenan
is a (male and female ?) pair of standing-stones (H 420 832,
not marked on the map) at Ballykeel, 2.8 metres apart
and 1.6 metres high, on a little plateau overlooking the river
Strule and affording fine views.
The "Chambered Grave" marked on the map on the other
side of the river 700 metres SW in Beltany Lower is a
court-tomb (yet another "Cloghogle") of which three
chambers, cairn material, some cairn-revetment, and just 3 stones
of the court survive.
~ 3.8 km SSW is the
court-tomb at Legland (see below).
~ 6 km WNW on a hillock
on the N side of the River Derg in Crew Lower (H 315
848) is a pair of standing-stones 1.8 metres apart and slightly
less in height. Other standing stones in the area include one
of a cluster in Killeen (H 332 869) 2.1 metres high,
another one not quite so high at H 324 873, and a pointed one
2.3 metres high, incorporated into a field-wall at Magheracoltan
(H 363 866).
~ 6.2 km NNW of Ballyrenan
and 1.5 km NNW of Ardstraw, beside a farm in Clady Halliday
(H 344 886) is a single-court tomb with 3 chambers, a large,
horseshoe-shaped forecourt, and some dry-walling between the
low orthostats of the court. Some corbel-stones to support the
roof remain on the much larger first chamber.
Double-court tomb and portal-tomb
H 568 469
and approached by a signed and fenced walkway 200 metres NE
of the Greaghnasunna Bridge over the Fury river, 5.6 km SE of
Clogher, "Carnagat" (the wildcat's cairn) - is a small,
relatively well-preserved tomb with much of its cairn remaining.
It is about 20 metres long, and composed of two double-chambered
galleries and forecourts. A frontal kerb joins the SE court
to the sides of the cairn. The NE court has tall flanking-stones,
and one of the jamb-stones bears a cup-mark. The backstone of
the N gallery is gabled. Roof-slabs are scattered about. At
the end of the 19th century a local farmer took one of the lintel-stones
to build a barn, but when it was cemented in it emitted a strange
radiance. The farmer returned it to the tomb - whence it subsequently
disappeared, presumably incorporated in another local building
by a less-sensitive man.
~ 2.4 km NNW of Carnagat
and 120 metres N of another by-road in the same townland is
"Carnfadrig" or "Carnpatrick", another cairn
over 20 metres long, surviving to a height of over 2 metres.
At the E end are remains of a portal-tomb with a rectangular
chamber composed of 3 long slabs and a three-quarter sill which
has fallen into the chamber. One portal-stone has fallen against
the other. At the W end of the cairn is a long subsidiary chamber
or gallery divided into two or possibly three sections, but
no entrance to it is now apparent. This complex monument shows
very well the relation between court- and portal-tombs.
~ 3 km NW of Carnagat
on an eminence in Ballyscally and affording good views
(H 544 483) is a standing-stone just 1.1 metre high.
~ 1.4 km NNE of Carnagat,
on a ridge S and W of the Dunroe Road in Derrydrummond
(H 573 485) is another court-tomb, somewhat obscured by field-walls.
The court is at the S end with another stone a short distance
to the S, and two chambers can clearly be discerned. A possible
subsidiary chamber opens from the W end of the cairn, which
is only 9 metres long. The tomb was excavated in 1899, and urns,
cremated bones, ashes, 5 burial pits and one flint tool were
~ 2.4 km ESE of Carnfadrig
and 1.7 km NE of Carnagat, in Cullamore, near the top
of Cullamore Hill about 400 metres NE of a by-road, is "The
Giant's Grave" - another court-tomb, smaller and somewhat ruined,
but with some fine court-stones. One has fallen to reveal dry-stone
filling. At present only 2 chambers (with good jamb-stones)
~ 2 km NE of Cullamore,
at Altadaven in Favor Royal Forest (H 596 496) is "St
Patrick's Chair and Well". Perhaps no place in Ireland
seems closer to the dark Celtic Otherworld than "Spink-ana-gaev"
(splinnc means cliff, crag or pointed rock in Irish),
a strange and eerie pile of boulders. "St Patrick's Chair" is
a massive block about 2 metres high, shaped like a chair and
probably at least partly-artificial, sitting on a another large
block amongst a dozen or more other blocks, one of which has
a cup-mark and an unfinished cup-mark. Below the Chair is the
well - in fact an open chamber above which is another massive
boulder containing a fine bullaun
25 cms in diameter. It is said "never to run dry"
- this is not surprising as the fern-covered site is like a
miniature rain forest: every rock drips with water. A supporting
boulder has a good cup-mark. Between the bullaun and the chair
above are two Rag Trees, where some 'offerings' remain.
means "The Demons' Cliff", over which St Patrick (or St Brigid)
is reputed to have driven devils - thus pointing to the site's
ancient ritual significance. Lughnasa (Lammastide) celebrations
were held here until relatively recently. The well is also known
as "St Brigid's" and the confusion between the two saints (the
latter bearing the same name as the virgin aspect of the triple
moon-goddess) suggests that the site was hardly - if ever -
Stone circles and rows
H 685 842
km WNW of Cookstown, to the W of a by-road, this superb site
is the only maintained, excavated stone-circle site amongst
nearly 150 in the Sperrin hills. Circles of small stones with
tangential alignments of larger ones are common in the central
Tyrone and E Fermanagh area, and at Beaghmore a group of these,
together with about a dozen small cairns were uncovered during
peat-cutting. More lie in the uncut peat-bog beyond. At present
7 circles and 9 rows can be seen - the stones of the rows being
from a few centimetres to 1.8 metres high. Burials and kists
were found in some of the cairns. One stone circle is filled
with hundreds of small stones set upright. The find of a Neolithic
bowl suggests that Neolithic occupation and cultivation preeded
the erection of burial cairns and ceremonial circles and alignments:
some irregular lines and heaps of boulders resembling field-fences
or field-clearance may predate the ritual structures. At some
stage peat started to form over the site, and it may conceivably
be that the cairns and rows were erected in a futile propitiatory
attempt to restore fertility to the soil by attracting back
the fading sun - for the significant alignment is not astronomical,
but, as with wedge-tombs, towards the setting sun and the Land
of the Dead.
~ Just over 3 km W
by N at Broughderg (H 654 843) on the E side of the road
just N of a junction, in a rough, rushy field, are two contiguous
stone circles with a small cairn and a standing stone, 1.5 metres
high, set between them at the NW. The N circle is comprised
of ten stones and the S has 14 stones remaining.
~ 3.2 km S is Dunnamore
~ 6 km W is Dún
Ruadh multiple-kist cairn.
~ 4.2 km SE in Tulnacross,
in a field to the N of the road from Orritor to Dunnamore (H
705 804 - not marked on the map), is a pair of standing-stones.
From a distance one appears to be pointed (male) and the other
flat and grooved (female), but on approaching closer the 'male'
one has a groove in it and the flat one turns out to be pointed
- a prehistoric monument to sexual ambivalence, perhaps! (See
also Boherboy county Dublin and Ballymakane under
Buncarrick, county Wexford.
people say that there is a line of pillarstones from Dunnamore
to Draperstown 18 km away.
~ But in another direction entirely there is a shapely stone
2.15 metres high at Tattykeel (H 748 774), 5.3 km ESE
of the Tulnacross stones and 7.2 km ESE of Dunnamore
wedge-tomb, just E of a farm track.
~ 3 km NNE of Beaghmore
in Davagh forest are Davagh Lower double stone circle,
alignment of three stones, part of another stone circle, and
(600 metres SW) a low wedge-tomb whose roofstones are still
~10.5 km N by W in
Goles, a short distance N of the B47 Draperstown to Plumbridge
road along the Glenelly valley (H 669 948 - protected by fencing
but not marked on the map), a fine alignment of 9 stones ranging
from 0.2 to 2.0 metres high, runs uphill for 15 metres.
Below and N of Meenerrigal
Rocks, some three hundred metres up a slope to the E of the
Plumbridge-Dunnamanagh (Donemana) road, a wedge-tomb with a
straight façade, a fine sill-stone and one surviving roofstone
is set in a round cairn which is surrounded by a circle (18
metres in diameter) of low stones mostly about 90 cms high.
The monument (marked 'Chambered Grave' on the map) enshrines
the various building-practices of the court-tomb, wedge-tomb
and stone circle cultic traditions. The tallest of the stones
(about 1.5 metres high) is just visible on the skyline across
the moorland to the W of the picturesque Butterlope road, from
where the monument is now signposted, with a path.
~ 1.7 km NNW is the
court-tomb at Balix Lower.
~ 6.2 km SE in Glenroan
(H 547 914) is 'Dermot and Grania's Bed', a half-collapsed
and lurching portal-tomb trapped between barbed-wire and a thicket,
whose thin roofstone is just over two metres square and rests
on one portal-stone (1.3 metres high) and two sidestones. There
was once a small, second capstone bridging the gap between the
large roofstone and the backstone. A 'half-door' or high sill-stone
stands 80 cms high between the portals. This tomb is, amazingly,
signposted - whereas the fine monument at Ballyrenan
(above) languishes unmarked and overgrown.
On the slopes of Copney
Hill are eight complete or partial stone circles (only recently
been dug out of the peat), each filled with set stones (in some
cases concentrically) and some with a central small cairn. There
is also an alignment of low stones running down the hill. To
the NW (at H 597 783) is a cairn some 3 metres in diameter and
1 metre high with a large capstone still in place, and 100 metres
further E is an arc of eight low stones. This is part of a particular
megalithic landscape within the large megalithic landscape (or
vast prehistoric theatre-set) that fills the area immediately
S of the Sperrin Mountains.
~ Further to the W
are the megaliths of Loughmacrory and Altdrumman.
H 662 758
This impressive tomb
has massive portal-stones but few other stones of its shallow
forecourt surviving. It leads into a two-chambered gallery,
past a large fallen lintel. Behind the gallery are two lateral
chambers opening symmetrically into each of the long sides of
the cairn, which is 25 metres long and includes large boulders.
Though roofless, these subsidiary chambers resemble small portal-tombs.
photo by Ian Thompson
~ In the same townland
and close to a by-road (H 650 752) is a typical Mid-Ulster circle
complex, situated on the top of a round platform between two
lakes The tall stones that are visible are actually a tangential
stone row that runs E-W, with the tallest stone (1.4 metres)
at the west. At the east end of this row and to its north are
six stones of the stone circle, just 50 cms high. More stones
may be buried in the bog.
10 metres to the west of the row (and also on the N side) are
several other stones that could be another row - or, possibly,
the edge of a second circle.
~ 1.8 km E at Murnells
(H 680 757) is a fine but almost unknown portal-tomb (Dermot
and Grania's Bed), whose large capstone has been swung to
one side to create a dramatic overhang. The rear of the main
capstone rests on a secondary capstone, which in turn rests
on a small chocking stone. This actually gives the impression
that it has three capstones. The larger capstone has a deep
natural cupmark at its apex.
The walls of the chamber and the portal stones are of a handsome
reddish, quartz-bearing stone. The two capstones are a grey
stone, presumably granite. The surrounding peat reaches halfway
up the sides of the chamber and several other stones, presumably
from the kerb can be seen poking through. To one side of the
chamber there is a group of stones that could be a subsidary
chamber abutting the south wall.
The entrance has no doorstone and faces very slightly south
of east. This slight deviation in alignment seems to make the
axis point towards the V formed where the hill at Copney
crosses in front of Laght Hill 2 km beyond.
Best approached via
a lane (and across 2 fields to the E) leading from the road
at the derelict police barracks, which are a few hundred metres
W of a modern school in Dunnamore, this "Dermot and Grania's
Bed" is impressive - despite a cart-track driven between
the large stones of the double wall of the gallery and what
seem to be the stones of the kerb (12 metres long). The gallery
is about 8 metres long, and the main chamber is still roofedwith
3 large slabs. At the front of the tomb (facing SW) is an antechamber
or portico which retains a roofstone and has a stone set between
the entrance stones to form a double jamb - a feature of some
other wedge-tombs in Tyrone. At either side of the dividing-stone
are low sills. Some small chocking-stones also support the roofstone.
A curious feature of the monument is a short line of stones
running NW from the NW side of the gallery towards an enormous
~ Nearby is the pair
of standing-stones at Tulnacross (see under Beaghmore.)
km SSW is Creggandevesky court-tomb (H 644 752) on a
hill overlooking Lough Mallon. This tomb, which has an impressive
entrance with massive lintel, is built at the head of a valley
extending westward with excellent views (on a good day). A trapezoid
cairn contains a three-chambered gallery with a court at the
SE end. The edges of the cairn (18 metres long) are clearly
defined by a dry-stone revetment along the E and W sides. Excavation
showed that the back of the tomb was partially robbed in prehistoric
times, and that it was built before the middle of the fourth
In the same townland
(H 6260 7219) was a sweathouse,
whose roof recently collapsed, 100 metres S of which (down the
slope) was a stone-lined plunge-pool used, according to local
information, for mud baths. At H 6422 7529, on a slight rise
in a field, is a probable wedge-tomb with a probable roofstone
on top of a cairn some 9 metres long, 5.5 metres wide and just
over one metre high. Until the 20th century there were many
stone monuments in this townland.
~ 5.6 km S by W is
another court-tomb at Cregganconroe.
~ 7 km SSE at Moymore
(H 711 745) is a group of 9 circles together, one of which has
a ten-stone row almost 15 metres long. Unfortunately, the grass
around the mainly-low stones is too high to get a proper idea
of the lay-out. What can be seen very well are two rows of stones
at right angles, which stand around one metre tall. Not until
you walk through the site will the visitor start to notice most
of the hidden stones. What a site this would be if it were cleared
! The longer of the two clearly-visible rows is around 10 metres,
and the shorter about 5. On further inspection two other broken
rows of similar scale can be seen which (together with the clearly-visible
rows) would form a large rectangle. If so, this would be the
only megalithic rectangle in Ireland, if not the British Isles!
Beaghmore, the circles here are compressed into a small,
fenced in area measuring roughly 50 x 20 metres. A large pile
of rocks in one corner suggests that the complex once contained
a lot more and covered a larger area. There are also two large
stones set into one field boundary, so there may have been some
more of the large rows in the next field, too.
sketch by Ann Johnston
Ruadh: Multiple-kist cairn and henge
H 624 845
3 km NE of Greencastle
and 800 metres NNE of Aghascrebagh ogam stone, over fields
behind a farm in Crouck townland, to the E of a by-road
and 450 metres E of the old school, this monument (whose name
means "The Red Citadel", was much plundered to build
the school. But the site remains impressive, comprising an oval
kerbless cairn about 30 metres long, surrounded by a ditch and
a low earthen bank. The cairn was built around an open cobbled
area, lined by 17 orthostats in a circle, which were linked
by dry-walling. There is a paved entrance on the SW. Thirteen
kists were said to have been in the secondary surrounding cairn,
some of them well-constructed, others merely improvised among
the boulders of the cairn. A tree now grow in the central area.
The Bronze Age monument is decidedly 'anomalous' and has affinities
with both the passage-tomb at Sess Kilgreen and with
the closed ring-cairns of NE Scotland.
~ There are remnants
of a gallery-tomb in the adjacent field to the SW, and about
400 metres N by E, in Carnanransy, immediately S of the
Greencastle-Draperstown road, are remains of a smll court-tomb
with a semicircular court of 5 orthostats.
~ 2.8 km NE in Keerin
(H 643 865) is a neat little portal-tomb almost completely buried
in bog. The capstone is just 90 cm wide and a little over 1.5
metres long, set on two tiny pointed portal stones. Due to being
in a peat bog the tiny chamber, which has been dug out, is filled
with brown water which does not permit the visitor to determine
whether or not there is a door-stone.
~ About 1.6 km SSE
is the standing-stone at Formil (see under Aghascrebagh,
~ 9.6 km W by N of
Dún Ruadh, immediately W of a by-road in Glenmacoffer (H
529 863) are two surviving stones of a stone-row which until
recently had three. They are fine slabs about 1.8 metres high
and up to 1.5 metres wide.
At the top of a hill
in Knockmany Forest, approached by a track leading from a car-park,
this tomb has unfortunately been enclosed in concrete to protect
the decorated stones from name-carvers and other vandals. Formerly
known as "Annia's Cove" (corruption of Grania's
Cave), it is open to visitors at certain times in the summer,
and it may still be possible to obtain a key from Clogher police
station. Three of the stones of this almost passageless tomb
are covered with spirals, cup-marks, serpentines, concentric
~ 6.5 km ENE is another
decorated passage-tomb at Sess Kilgreen.
km SSE on a plinth in a farmyard in Carr (H 553 540)
is a handsome standing-stone some 1.8 metres high, tapering
to a point. The stone has not been moved, but the ground-level
was lowered when the farmyard was created.
~ 5.2 km SW of Knockmany
on a hilltop in Findermore (H 518 512) is the "Abbey
Stone" a standing-stone 1.7 metres high whose smoothed
S face has been Christianised with a Latin cross in false relief.
Legend has it that St Patrick preached here for three days and
~ 9.2 km WNW in Ballyness,
just S of the road (H 459 531) is a standing-stone, tapering
to 2.2 metres high.
H 361 796
of a jumble of stones amongst gnarled hawthorn trees, this tomb,
on a SW spur of the hill called Bessy Bell is interesting because
it was excavated in 1940. Right up to the beginning of the 20th
century it was covered by a round cairn some 17 metres in diameter
and 7 metres high. The shallow court is at the NE end and is
a little difficult to distinguish because it is littered with
large irregular boulders. Three court stones on the south side
of the entrance (one of which has a layer of quartz on its inner
face) are matched by three stones in the northern arm of the
court. Between two of these there appears to be some dry-stone
walling intact. Stretching between the ends of the court arms
is a row of low sill-like stones forming a low wall across the
front of the court. The entrance-jambs are unusual in that one
is aligned with the court and the other is aligned with the
The gallery runs SW for 8 metres, and is divided into two unequal
chambers by large jambs. Two low stones are set just inside
the massive and gabled backstone, parallel to the walls: the
remains of a kist which used to have a capstone. The north wall
of the rear chamber and one of the slabs from the north wall
of the front chamber have been removed. The whole of the south
wall is in place. Leaning against the outside of the S wall
are several slabs: presumably the roofslabs from the gallery.
This wall is built into a modern field wall. There is also some
cairn-spread on the southern side of the tomb.
km NNE are the two portal-tombs at Ballyrenan (see above).
~ 2.6 km ENE at Glassmullagh
(H 387 804) are very low stone circles and alignments reminiscent
of Beaghmore, but only some of the stones are barely protruding
from the moor. Two circles out of 4 reported and and two rows
can be distinguished. The site offers extensive views to the
A little further up the mountain there are are huge quantities
of quartz stones appearing to flow down the slope where the
peat has washed away.
100 metres to the W in another field is a standing-stone just
1 metre high, whose axis points back towards the circles, to
which it may actually be connected.
100 metres N (uphill) of the circle, at H 387 805 complex are
Dermot and Grania's Bed, the remains of a wedge-tomb
consisting of a small flooded slightly wedge-shaped chamber,
roofed with a single stone, partly buried in peat and surrounded
by reeds. A few other stones stand nearby. There are fine views
to the W.
~ 8 km WNW in Carncorran
Glebe (H 288 824) are the remains of a portal-tomb: just
two massive and mis-matched portal-stones nearly 3 metres high,
with a tiny door-stone in between.
H 227 803
In a field-fence to
the E of a by-road, this megalith is remarkable for its large
capstone (over 3 metres square) which contains nodules of gleaming
white quartz. It is characteristically tilted to a height of
2.75 metres on portal-stones just 1 metre high. On top of the
capstone are several depressions, some of which may be artificial.
km NE at Berrysfort (H 272 838, 1.5 km SE of Castlederg),
approached by farm lanes and across a field is a handsome
standing-stone 2.3 metres high, standing on a small eminence
just S of the river Derg.
km NE in Churchtown (1 km N by E of Castlederg at an
altitude of 100 metres) is "Todd's Den", a small
megalithic cairn about 10 metres long by 3 metres wide. In
it are remains of several chambers with capstones which have
been slid to one side - presumably by fox-hunters, for Tod
is English dialect for Fox. At the S end of the cairn
is a standing-stone which might have been a portal.
20 metres E are the remains of another cairn, also long, but
only two contiguous uprights survive.
Just under 400 metres
SSW of "Todd's Den", at the same altitude, is a
small chambered tomb with two portal-stones and a sill between
them. The back of a side-stone is covered by a capstone, and
another enormous capstone has been thrust aside over the southern
portal-stone and the site of the southern side-stone. Along
the inner edge of the northern sidestone is an Ogam inscription
- or marks resembling Ogam.
km SSW in Ally is a court-tomb described under
Drumskinny stone circle in county Fermanagh.
Wedge-tombs and stone circle
C 483 009
Immediately N of a
by-road 6.5 km SSW of Claudy, this complex monument (known locally
as Cashelbane - The White Fort) overlaps the design or
cult of court-tombs with that of wedge-tombs in having a vestigial
semicircular forecourt facing south, and in being divided into
5 chambers, over which a single roofstone remains. These comprise
an antechamber/portico with a double portal, a main chamber
divided into two by 'skeleton jambs', and two compartments or
kists separated from the main chamber by high orthostats. The
double-walling is here linked to the gallery by transverse slabs.
The roughly-circular cairn was surrounded by a ditch, suggesting
that an older structure was destroyed.
A small stone circle with tangential alignment lies less than
200 metres SE of the tomb.
~ 3.2 km W by S, in
the same townland is "The Giant's Grave", another
wedge-tomb with segmented chamber. The west-facing entrance
is made double by an orthostat which bears 12 small cup-marks
on its N side.
~ Almost 9 km NW is
Cregg standing-stone, county Derry.
~ Some 13 km E by N
is Tireighter wedge-tomb, county Derry..
H 812 749
distance south of Cookstown, in the grounds of an Agricultural
College, this wedge-tomb seems to be formed mainly of large
limestone boulders, and sits on the summit of a glacial knoll.
Only the larger structural stones remain, so that it looks rather
like one of the thousands of limestone-built tombs on the French
There is no trace of the original cairn. A rectangular gallery
7.6 metres long by 1.5 metres wide is formed by eleven sidestones,
with a single backstone at the E end. There are two large roofing
lintels in place, resting on the first two pairs of matching
sidestones. There are three stones of an outer wall along the
N side and one stone at the S side. Three stones at the W end
seem to form a façade.
km WNW is the standing-stone at Tattykeel (see under
a farm to the S of the Ballygawley-Omagh road a few hundred
metres before Sess Kilgreen school, this monument is surrounded
by bushes. Wellington boots are essential. Like Knockmany,
6.5 km WSW, this tomb is roofless and has no passage. Worn decoration
can be seen on 2 of its stones, in the form of lozenges and
superimposed concentric circles similar to some on a rock outcrop
in the Canary Islands, and others in the Boyne Valley and Brittany.
In the next field (H 603 585) is a single slab 1.5 metres high
- used by cattle as a rubbing-post - which is said to have been
the (re-used ?) capstone of a chamber containing bones and 2
pots. It is covered with cup-marks, spirals, concentric circles,
and flower-like motifs, and is divided diagonally by a row of
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